Boala periodica

boala caracterizata prin accese bruste de febra, care revin periodic, la intervale mai mult sau mai putin regulate, fara a se putea gasi factori particulari care sa o fi declasat. De cauze necunoscute, febra mediteraneana este o boala ereditara. Ea afecteaza, in principal, populatiile din Africa de Nord si din Orientul Mijlociu.

Simptome si semne - Boala se declara in general inainte ca un copil sa ajunga la varsta de doi ani. Accesele de febra dureaza de la cateva ore la cateva zile si dispar spontan. Boala se traduce de asemenea prin dureri abdominale violente si bruste cu o durata de 24 pana la 48 ore, fiind insotite adesea de varsaturi si de constipatie, precum si de crize articulare foarte dureroase, care dureaza cateva zile. Acestea, care afecteaza articulatiile mari, pot provoca o umflare si o inrosire a pielii.

Evolutie - Dupa cativa ani, poate surveni o amiloidoza (boala caracterizata printr-o infiltrare anormala in tesuturile pielii si viscerelor a unei substante avand aspectul de amidon). De cele mai multe ori, ea afecteaza rinichiul, evoluand inevitabil spre o insuficienta renala cronica.

tratament - Utilizarea unui medicament antigutos, colchicina, previne accesele dureroase si le distanteaza considerabil in timp; in plus, permite evitarea aparitiei unei amiloze renale.

Sinonim: Febra mediteraneana familiala.

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AMVC Error

Smarty error: unable to read resource: "/var/www/html/sfatulmedicului.ro/external/templates/default//adds/box_.tpl"

File /usr/share/pear/AS/SMARTY/Smarty.class.php at 1092


Debug trace:
Array
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