Vezica

Rezervor natural de forma sferica in care urina se acumuleaza intre mictiuni.

Structura - Vezica face parte, impreuna cu uretra, din aparatul urinar jos. Ea este situata in micul bazin, sub peritoneu, in fata uterului la femeie si a rectului la barbat. Imbinarea ureterovezicala (imbinarea ureterelor cu vezica) este dotata cu un dispozitiv antireflux, un fel de valva care impiedica urina din vezica sa refuleze spre uretere. Colul vezical, partea cea mai joasa a vezicii, se deschide in uretra; el este inconjurat de un sfincter care permite deschiderea si inchiderea sa, respectiv la inceputul si la sfarsitul mictiunii; la barbat rolul acestui sfincter il joaca prostata.

Fiziologie - Mictiunea se desfasoara in mai multe faze care se supun unui control neurologic reflex. In cursul fazei de umplere vezicala, urina elaborata de catre rinichi este evacuata in vezica prin uretere. Presiunea intravezicala ramane joasa, muschiul vezical intinzandu-se. Colul vezical si sfincterul uretral sunt atunci inchise, ceea ce permite continenta. Atunci cand vezica este plina (capacitatea sa medie este de 300-400 mililitri), apare nevoia mictionala. Sfincterele uretrei si colului vezical se relaxeaza, scazand presiunea uretrala, in timp ce muschiul vezical se contracta, antrenand golirea vezicii si evacuarea urinei prin uretra.

Patologie - Vezica poate fi sediul malformatiilor (atrofie vezicala), infectiilor (cistita), tumorilor, benigne sau maligne, al unui diverticul (cavitate patologica mica), al unor tulburari neurologice (vezica neurologica), al unui glob vezical (vezica intinsa printr-o retentie de urina), al unei litiaze (prezenta calculilor) etc.

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AMVC Error

Smarty error: unable to read resource: "/var/www/html/sfatulmedicului.ro/external/templates/default//adds/box_.tpl"

File /usr/share/pear/AS/SMARTY/Smarty.class.php at 1092


Debug trace:
Array
(
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    [2] => 0.002093s - 3.84Mb - AMVC - Running
    [3] => 0.002112s - 3.84Mb - Session - Initializing MEMCACHE session
    [4] => 0.002286s - 3.85Mb - Loader - Loading connector IAuthConnector
    [5] => 0.009159s - 3.91Mb - Session - Successfully initialized, connector: DefaultAuthConnector
    [6] => 0.009191s - 3.91Mb - SessionUser - Initializing
    [7] => 0.009261s - 3.91Mb - Request - Initializing Request
    [8] => 0.009289s - 3.91Mb - AMVC - Preprocess
    [9] => 0.009308s - 3.91Mb - Loader - Loading filter MySQLInjectionFilter
    [10] => 0.012146s - 3.95Mb - Loader - Loading filter XssInjectionFilter
    [11] => 0.013135s - 3.98Mb - Loader - Loading filter RedirectFilter
    [12] => 0.01378s - 4.02Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCRewriteClass
    [13] => 0.016304s - 4.25Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCMemcache
    [14] => 0.016577s - 4.29Mb - AMVCRewriteClass - Initializing
    [15] => 0.016623s - 4.29Mb - AMVCMemcache - Initializing (multiserver)
    [16] => 0.044679s - 4.33Mb - Loader - Loading filter SessionFilter
    [17] => 0,047401s - 4,35Mb - AMVC - Selecting module
    [18] => 0,047422s - 4,35Mb - Loader - Loading hook ajxinternal
    [19] => 0,048288s - 4,35Mb - Loader - Loading hook main
    [20] => 0,048745s - 4,36Mb - Loader - Loading hook Admin
    [21] => 0,050242s - 4,37Mb - Loader - Loading hook AmvcUser
    [22] => 0,051279s - 4,42Mb - Loader - Loading hook CliniciPrezentare
    [23] => 0,054921s - 4,43Mb - Loader - Loading hook AnalizePrezentare
    [24] => 0,055532s - 4,44Mb - Loader - Loading hook HealthCenterPrezentare
    [25] => 0,056374s - 4,45Mb - Loader - Loading hook DictionarePrezentare
    [26] => 0,057455s - 4,46Mb - Loader - Loading package component cache
    [27] => 0,058431s - 4,47Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCCache
    [28] => 0,059617s - 4,51Mb - Loader - Loading package component UTILS, cache.lib
    [29] => 0,06121s - 4,84Mb - Request - Cache
    [30] => 0,06125s - 4,84Mb - AMVCCache - Initializing MultiMemCacheLockingCache
    [31] => 0,06301s - 4,85Mb - AMVC - Initializing database
    [32] => 0,068076s - 5,83Mb - AMVC - Initializing multimedia
    [33] => 0,068109s - 5,83Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.const
    [34] => 0,068548s - 5,88Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.utils
    [35] => 0,06902s - 5,95Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.interface
    [36] => 0,076699s - 7,14Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCMultimedia
    [37] => 0,082474s - 7,27Mb - AMVC - Initializing mailer
    [38] => 0,082498s - 7,27Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component mail
    [39] => 0,085419s - 7,29Mb - AMVC - Running module DictionarePrezentare
    [40] => 0,085448s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading settings DictionarePrezentare
    [41] => 0,096387s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading MODULE language DictionarePrezentare, ro_RO.utf8
    [42] => 0,096435s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading module DictionarePrezentare
    [43] => 0,099733s - 7,64Mb - Request - Sanitizing
    [44] => 0,09976s - 7,64Mb - Request - Sanitizing
    [45] => 0,099808s - 7,64Mb - Loader - Loading package component SearchAll
    [46] => 0,101964s - 7,78Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model DictionaryTerm
    [47] => 0,108864s - 8,61Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Taguri
    [48] => 0,109665s - 8,68Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model TaguriArticole
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    [53] => 0,210751s - 12,88Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [54] => 0,21081s - 12,88Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [55] => 0,222818s - 12,94Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [56] => 0,222886s - 12,94Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [57] => 0,232511s - 13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [58] => 0,23262s - 13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [59] => 0,242657s - 13,06Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [60] => 0,242771s - 13,06Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [61] => 0,251855s - 13,12Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [62] => 0,251942s - 13,12Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [63] => 0,418258s - 13,49Mb - AMVC - Running preoutput filters
    [64] => 0,418275s - 13,49Mb - Loader - Loading filter JSONFilter
    [65] => 0,41897s - 13,5Mb - Loader - Loading filter ErrorAssignerFilter
    [66] => 0,420582s - 13,51Mb - Loader - Loading filter includes
    [67] => 0,423399s - 13,58Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [68] => 0,461737s - 14,02Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model RwReguli
    [69] => 0,486752s - 14,23Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Setari
    [70] => 0,498448s - 14,39Mb - Loader - Loading view DictionarePrezentare
    [71] => 0,500922s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Rendering view DictionarePrezentare
    [72] => 0,501016s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Rendering template 
    [73] => 0,501042s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Rendering SMARTY template header.tpl
    [74] => 0,50105s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Initializing Smarty
    [75] => 0,503403s - 14,84Mb - AMVC - Asigning smarty variables
    [76] => 0,532873s - 14,95Mb - AMVC - Rendering SMARTY template /var/www/html/sfatulmedicului.ro/app/DictionarePrezentare/templates/termen.tpl
)