Tulburare afectiva

Este o afectiune psihiatrica caracterizata prin tulburari emotionale. Exemple: tulburarea maniaco-depresiva, tulburarea afectiva sezoniera.

Cauze
- Privarea materna: psihanalistii au sugerat ca in copilarie privarea de afectiune materna prin separare sau pierdere predispune mai tarziu, la depresie. Pierderea simbolica sau reala a unei persoane apropiate daca este resimtita ca rejectie, poate duce la aparitia depresiei. Indiferent de natura pierderii, persoana deprimata reactioneaza intens deoarece situatia actuala readuce in prim plan temerile unei pierderi timpurii care a aparut in perioada copilariei.
Teoriile psihanalitice se centreaza pe internalizarea sentimentelor agresive, pe pierdere si pe supradependenta aprobarii externe.
- Relatiile cu parintii: parintii pot fi hiperprotectivi sau nepasatori.
- Evenimente de viata stresante: pierderea unui parinte inainte de varsta de 11 ani este evenimentul cel mai des asociat cu dezvoltarea ulterioara a depresiei.
In ceea ce priveste teoria comportamentala, teoreticienii invatarii sustin ca absenta intaririi joaca un rol important in depresie. Inactivitatea si lipsa de interes a persoanei deprimate si sentimentele de tristete se datoreaza unei rate scazute a intaririi pozitive si/sau unei rate ridicate de experiente neplacute. In prezent, teoriile cognitive ale depresiei se concentreaza nu numai asupra a ceea ce fac oamenii, dar si asupra modului in care se vad pe sine si lumea. Persoanele depresive se asteapta mai degraba la esec, au ganduri negative asupra propriei persoane, despre experientele prezente si despre viitor, scaderea respectului de sine. Persoanele care atribuie evenimentele negative unor cauze interne, stabile in timp si care afecteaza multe domenii din viata lor sunt mai predispuse la depresie.

Tratament - In tratarea tulburarilor depresive majore, psihoterapia in asociere cu tratamentul medicamentos cu antidepresive este mai eficienta decat oricare din aceste tratamente aplicate izolat.

Citeste si

Arhiva
  •  

    Cere sfatul medicului

    afla raspunsurile la problemele tale

    Afla acum

AMVC Error

Smarty error: unable to read resource: "/var/www/html/sfatulmedicului.ro/external/templates/default//adds/box_.tpl"

File /usr/share/pear/AS/SMARTY/Smarty.class.php at 1092


Debug trace:
Array
(
    [0] => 0s - 3.82Mb - Loader - Loading package component DEBUG, common
    [1] => 0.000175s - 3.83Mb - Loader - Loading package component DEBUG, timer
    [2] => 0.000353s - 3.84Mb - AMVC - Running
    [3] => 0.000367s - 3.84Mb - Session - Initializing MEMCACHE session
    [4] => 0.00051s - 3.85Mb - Loader - Loading connector IAuthConnector
    [5] => 0.002525s - 3.91Mb - Session - Successfully initialized, connector: DefaultAuthConnector
    [6] => 0.002541s - 3.91Mb - SessionUser - Initializing
    [7] => 0.002578s - 3.91Mb - Request - Initializing Request
    [8] => 0.002593s - 3.91Mb - AMVC - Preprocess
    [9] => 0.002603s - 3.91Mb - Loader - Loading filter MySQLInjectionFilter
    [10] => 0.004419s - 3.95Mb - Loader - Loading filter XssInjectionFilter
    [11] => 0.005108s - 3.98Mb - Loader - Loading filter RedirectFilter
    [12] => 0.006974s - 4.02Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCRewriteClass
    [13] => 0.009908s - 4.25Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCMemcache
    [14] => 0.010407s - 4.29Mb - AMVCRewriteClass - Initializing
    [15] => 0.010438s - 4.29Mb - AMVCMemcache - Initializing (multiserver)
    [16] => 0.044643s - 4.33Mb - Loader - Loading filter SessionFilter
    [17] => 0,055059s - 4,35Mb - AMVC - Selecting module
    [18] => 0,055073s - 4,35Mb - Loader - Loading hook ajxinternal
    [19] => 0,057864s - 4,35Mb - Loader - Loading hook main
    [20] => 0,058658s - 4,36Mb - Loader - Loading hook Admin
    [21] => 0,059239s - 4,37Mb - Loader - Loading hook AmvcUser
    [22] => 0,060425s - 4,42Mb - Loader - Loading hook CliniciPrezentare
    [23] => 0,061545s - 4,43Mb - Loader - Loading hook AnalizePrezentare
    [24] => 0,06243s - 4,43Mb - Loader - Loading hook HealthCenterPrezentare
    [25] => 0,063216s - 4,45Mb - Loader - Loading hook DictionarePrezentare
    [26] => 0,063814s - 4,46Mb - Loader - Loading package component cache
    [27] => 0,065374s - 4,47Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCCache
    [28] => 0,066292s - 4,51Mb - Loader - Loading package component UTILS, cache.lib
    [29] => 0,067645s - 4,84Mb - Request - Cache
    [30] => 0,067668s - 4,84Mb - AMVCCache - Initializing MultiMemCacheLockingCache
    [31] => 0,068119s - 4,84Mb - AMVC - Initializing database
    [32] => 0,073095s - 5,82Mb - AMVC - Initializing multimedia
    [33] => 0,073115s - 5,83Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.const
    [34] => 0,073568s - 5,88Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.utils
    [35] => 0,074004s - 5,95Mb - Loader - Loading package component MULTIMEDIA, mm.interface
    [36] => 0,079857s - 7,14Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component AMVCMultimedia
    [37] => 0,08185s - 7,27Mb - AMVC - Initializing mailer
    [38] => 0,081867s - 7,27Mb - Loader - Loading buildin component mail
    [39] => 0,083747s - 7,29Mb - AMVC - Running module DictionarePrezentare
    [40] => 0,083776s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading settings DictionarePrezentare
    [41] => 0,084483s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading MODULE language DictionarePrezentare, ro_RO.utf8
    [42] => 0,084511s - 7,29Mb - Loader - Loading module DictionarePrezentare
    [43] => 0,086822s - 7,64Mb - Request - Sanitizing
    [44] => 0,086843s - 7,64Mb - Request - Sanitizing
    [45] => 0,086889s - 7,64Mb - Loader - Loading package component SearchAll
    [46] => 0,093519s - 7,78Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model DictionaryTerm
    [47] => 0,105231s - 8,61Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Taguri
    [48] => 0,107384s - 8,68Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model TaguriArticole
    [49] => 0,116881s - 8,75Mb - Loader - Loading package component AdvertorialePromovare
    [50] => 0,117755s - 8,76Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [51] => 0,120878s - 9,16Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [52] => 0,189153s - 12,7Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model SearchCategories
    [53] => 0,197715s - 12,88Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [54] => 0,197867s - 12,88Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [55] => 0,258654s - 12,94Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [56] => 0,258732s - 12,94Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [57] => 0,278133s - 13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [58] => 0,27819s - 13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [59] => 0,297156s - 13,07Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [60] => 0,297217s - 13,07Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [61] => 0,314224s - 13,13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Article
    [62] => 0,314284s - 13,13Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [63] => 0,453963s - 13,49Mb - AMVC - Running preoutput filters
    [64] => 0,45398s - 13,49Mb - Loader - Loading filter JSONFilter
    [65] => 0,454963s - 13,49Mb - Loader - Loading filter ErrorAssignerFilter
    [66] => 0,455601s - 13,5Mb - Loader - Loading filter includes
    [67] => 0,457306s - 13,57Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model HealthCenter
    [68] => 0,482793s - 14,01Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model RwReguli
    [69] => 0,494133s - 14,22Mb - Loader - Loading doctrined model Setari
    [70] => 0,500884s - 14,38Mb - Loader - Loading view DictionarePrezentare
    [71] => 0,502046s - 14,42Mb - AMVC - Rendering view DictionarePrezentare
    [72] => 0,502123s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Rendering template 
    [73] => 0,502342s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Rendering SMARTY template header.tpl
    [74] => 0,50235s - 14,43Mb - AMVC - Initializing Smarty
    [75] => 0,504722s - 14,83Mb - AMVC - Asigning smarty variables
    [76] => 0,522946s - 14,95Mb - AMVC - Rendering SMARTY template /var/www/html/sfatulmedicului.ro/app/DictionarePrezentare/templates/termen.tpl
)