Augmentin, pulbere suspensie orala

Prospect

Forma de prezentare
Pulb. susp. 457 mg (400 mg amoxicilina si 57 mg acid clavulanic)/5 ml; ct. × 1 fl. cu pulb. pt. 35 ml, 70 ml sau 140 ml susp. orala


Indicatii
Infectii ale tractului respirator superior si inferior; ale tractului genito-urinar; ale pielii si tesuturilor moi; osteo-articulare; dentare; alte infectii (avort septic, infectii puerperale, infectii intraabdominale). Profilaxia infectiilor asociate cu interventiile chirurgicale. Spectru: Germeni grampozitiv aerobi: Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium spp., Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Listeria monocytogenes, Nocardia asteroides, Staphylococcus aureus, Stafilococi coagulazo-negativi, Streptococcus AGalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus viridans, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus spp., Streptococcus viridans. Germeni grampozitiv anaerobi: Clostridium spp., Peptococcus spp., Peptostreptococcus spp. Germeni gramnegativi aerobi: Bordetella pertussis, Brucella spp., Escherichia coli, Gardnerella vaginalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Helicobacter pylori, Klebsiella spp., Legionella spp., Moraxella catarrhalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Pasteurella multocida, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Vibrio cholerae, Yersinia enterocolitica. Germeni gramnegativ anaerobi: Bacteroides species, Fusobacterium spp. Altii: Borrelia burgdorferi, Chlamidiae, Leptospira ictero-haemorrhagiae, Treponema pallidum.


Dozaj si mod de administrare
Per os: Copii: susp. orala 457 mg/5 ml: 2 luni-2 ani: 0,15 ml/kg de doua ori/zi, 2-6 ani: 2,5 ml de doua ori/zi, 7-12 ani: 5 ml de doua ori/zi. Dozele se dubleaza in infectii severe. Susp. orala 642,9 mg/5 ml: 90/6,4 mg/kg si zi administrata fractionat in doua prize, la intervale de 12 ore, timp de 10 zile. Adulti si copii peste 12 ani: 625 mg - 1 g de doua ori/zi. Inj: Adulti si copii peste 12 ani: 1,2 g i.v. la fiecare 6-12 ore. Copii 3 luni-12 ani: 30 mg/kg i.v. la fiecare 6-8 ore. Copii 0-3 luni: 30 mg/kg i.v. la fiecare 8-12 ore. Profilaxia chirurgicala la adulti: 1,2 g, i.v., 3-4 doze in 24 de ore, administrarea la inducerea anesteziei. Administrarea poate fi mentinuta cateva zile. In IH se administreaza cu precautie. In cazul afectarii functiei renale, doza se reduce in functie de clearance-ul creatininei.


Contraindicatii
Hipersensibilitate la beta-lactamine (peniciline si cefalosporine). Antecedente de disfunctii hepatice/icter asociate cu administrarea de peniciline.


Atentionari
Pacienti cu disfunctii hepatice, IR, mononucleoza infectioasa, fenilcetonurie. Administrarea concomitenta de probenecid, alopurinol, contraceptive orale. Sarcina si alaptare.


Reactii adverse
Reactii de hipersensibilitate (edem angioneurotic, anafilaxie, sindrom similar bolii serului, vasculite de hipersensibilitate, rash cutanat, urticarie, eritem multiform, sindrom Stevens-Johnson, necroza epidermica toxica, dermatita buloasa exfoliativa, nefrita interstitiala). Reactii gastro-intestinale (diaree, greata, varsaturi, indigestie, candidoza mucocutanata, colite asociate antibioterapiei orale - inclusiv colita pseudomembranoasa si colita hemoragica). Efecte hepatice (cresterea AST si/sau ALT, hepatite si ictere colestatice). Efecte hematologice (leucopenie reversibila, trombocitopenie sau anemie hemolitica, prelungirea TS si de protrombina). Reactii uro-genitale (prurit, iritatie, secretii vaginale). Efecte SNC (agitatie, ameteli, cefalee, convulsii). Diverse (decolorarea danturii, tromboflebite la locul injectarii).

eficienta

22 voturi
efecte secundare

7 voturi
pret medicament

57 voturi

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